THE RULING PASSION OF JOHN GOULD

A BIOGRAPHY OF THE BIRD MAN

Lively portrait of the ornithologist whose groundbreaking works of bird descriptions and taxonomy far exceeded in volume, if not in quality, those of his American rival, Audubon. When Darwin landed in England after the five-year voyage of the Beagle, he went to John Gould with his Gal†pagos Island bird collection. Gould's identification of Darwin's new-found species catalyzed the theory of evolution and served as its foundation. Gould, however, was just finishing his 1832 Birds of Europe, with its trailblazing illustrations by Edward Lear (of nonsense-verse fame), and preparing to embark to the ornithologically uncharted colony of Australia, and so scarcely blinked at his friend's discoveries. Here, Tree (an editor at Britain's Geographical magazine) paints a colorful portrait of Gould and his times—the dawning of the Age of Science, in which England had an insatiable appetite for exotic species of flora and fauna; everyone with a piece of land was a gardener; monarchs vied with each other over exotic animals in their menageries; and the Royal Zoological Society was newly formed and financing collecting expeditions to the four corners of the earth. Gould, a gardener's son who learned taxidermy, came to naturalists' attention through his skillful stuffing of a giraffe—the first seen in England: The animal had been a special pet of King George IV. After educating himself in ornithology and marrying Elizabeth Coxen—an extraordinary partner who produced over 500 lithographs of birds (as well as eight children)—Gould embarked on classifying the birds of Australia, Asia, and Europe, and published monographs on toucans, hummingbirds, and partridges: Many of his books remain standard works. Tree's description of Gould's Australian expedition—the hazards and wonders of the bush (his longtime assistant was murdered by an aborigine spear)—is especially interesting. No birding enthusiast will want to be without a copy for his or her shelf. (Six color reproductions; 16 pages of b&w illustrations—not seen.)

Pub Date: July 1, 1992

ISBN: 0-8021-1463-6

Page Count: 248

Publisher: Grove

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 1, 1992

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Loads of good explaining, with reminders, time and again, of how much remains unknown, neatly putting the death of science...

A SHORT HISTORY OF NEARLY EVERYTHING

Bryson (I'm a Stranger Here Myself, 1999, etc.), a man who knows how to track down an explanation and make it confess, asks the hard questions of science—e.g., how did things get to be the way they are?—and, when possible, provides answers.

As he once went about making English intelligible, Bryson now attempts the same with the great moments of science, both the ideas themselves and their genesis, to resounding success. Piqued by his own ignorance on these matters, he’s egged on even more so by the people who’ve figured out—or think they’ve figured out—such things as what is in the center of the Earth. So he goes exploring, in the library and in company with scientists at work today, to get a grip on a range of topics from subatomic particles to cosmology. The aim is to deliver reports on these subjects in terms anyone can understand, and for the most part, it works. The most difficult is the nonintuitive material—time as part of space, say, or proteins inventing themselves spontaneously, without direction—and the quantum leaps unusual minds have made: as J.B.S. Haldane once put it, “The universe is not only queerer than we suppose; it is queerer than we can suppose.” Mostly, though, Bryson renders clear the evolution of continental drift, atomic structure, singularity, the extinction of the dinosaur, and a mighty host of other subjects in self-contained chapters that can be taken at a bite, rather than read wholesale. He delivers the human-interest angle on the scientists, and he keeps the reader laughing and willing to forge ahead, even over their heads: the human body, for instance, harboring enough energy “to explode with the force of thirty very large hydrogen bombs, assuming you knew how to liberate it and really wished to make a point.”

Loads of good explaining, with reminders, time and again, of how much remains unknown, neatly putting the death of science into perspective.

Pub Date: May 6, 2003

ISBN: 0-7679-0817-1

Page Count: 304

Publisher: Broadway

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 1, 2003

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A tiny book, not much bigger than a pamphlet, with huge potential impact.

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NO ONE IS TOO SMALL TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE

A collection of articulate, forceful speeches made from September 2018 to September 2019 by the Swedish climate activist who was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize.

Speaking in such venues as the European and British Parliaments, the French National Assembly, the Austrian World Summit, and the U.N. General Assembly, Thunberg has always been refreshingly—and necessarily—blunt in her demands for action from world leaders who refuse to address climate change. With clarity and unbridled passion, she presents her message that climate change is an emergency that must be addressed immediately, and she fills her speeches with punchy sound bites delivered in her characteristic pull-no-punches style: “I don’t want you to be hopeful. I want you to panic. I want you to feel the fear I feel every day. And then I want you to act.” In speech after speech, to persuade her listeners, she cites uncomfortable, even alarming statistics about global temperature rise and carbon dioxide emissions. Although this inevitably makes the text rather repetitive, the repetition itself has an impact, driving home her point so that no one can fail to understand its importance. Thunberg varies her style for different audiences. Sometimes it is the rousing “our house is on fire” approach; other times she speaks more quietly about herself and her hopes and her dreams. When addressing the U.S. Congress, she knowingly calls to mind the words and deeds of Martin Luther King Jr. and John F. Kennedy. The last speech in the book ends on a note that is both challenging and upbeat: “We are the change and change is coming.” The edition published in Britain earlier this year contained 11 speeches; this updated edition has 16, all worth reading.

A tiny book, not much bigger than a pamphlet, with huge potential impact.

Pub Date: Nov. 26, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-14-313356-8

Page Count: 112

Publisher: Penguin

Review Posted Online: Nov. 3, 2019

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