If climate change means more violent weather, this will make a good primer for those not already vulnerable to the wrath of...

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STORM WARNING

THE STORY OF A KILLER TORNADO

A ferocious day of twisters spotlights the fight to boost survival odds in Oklahoma’s “Tornado Alley.”

Debut author Mathis documents in depth a single day—May 3, 1999—when what meteorologists called an “outbreak” of severe storms and tornadic activity buffeted the same wide swath of the state that comes under threat every year. Moving roughly from southwest to northeast Oklahoma, 71 tornadoes were documented. At least one was on the ground for 11 hours running, and at one point, four were touching down simultaneously. The twister labeled A9 had winds of more than 300 mph and was the strongest ever recorded. Yet when the day’s statistics were reckoned, Mathis notes, they revealed something of a grim victory for the warning systems implemented by weather professionals, local media and administrators. While some 11,000 homes were destroyed, fatalities directly associated with the storm system totaled just 47. The author provides plenty of background on why the Central Plains have always been a prime breeding ground for the “super cell” thunderstorms most likely to produce tornadoes. She also relates the spotty history of the National Weather Service, whose forecasters for decades had such limited ability to predict the where and when of funnel clouds that they were forbidden to use the word “tornado,” for fear it would spark needless panic. Mathis pays tribute to the late Tetsuya “Ted” Fujita, creator of the Fujita Scale for tornado wind-speed ranges, whose pioneering research during the ’50s and ’60s into violent wind and weather events included early identification of the “microburst” phenomena that can bring down airliners.

If climate change means more violent weather, this will make a good primer for those not already vulnerable to the wrath of Mother Nature.

Pub Date: March 6, 2007

ISBN: 0-7432-8053-9

Page Count: 256

Publisher: Touchstone/Simon & Schuster

Review Posted Online: June 24, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 15, 2007

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Ackerman writes with a light but assured touch, her prose rich in fact but economical in delivering it. Fans of birds in all...

THE GENIUS OF BIRDS

Science writer Ackerman (Ah-Choo!: The Uncommon Life of Your Common Cold, 2010, etc.) looks at the new science surrounding avian intelligence.

The takeaway: calling someone a birdbrain is a compliment. And in any event, as Ackerman observes early on, “intelligence is a slippery concept, even in our own species, tricky to define and tricky to measure.” Is a bird that uses a rock to break open a clamshell the mental equivalent of a tool-using primate? Perhaps that’s the wrong question, for birds are so unlike humans that “it’s difficult for us to fully appreciate their mental capabilities,” given that they’re really just small, feathered dinosaurs who inhabit a wholly different world from our once-arboreal and now terrestrial one. Crows and other corvids have gotten all the good publicity related to bird intelligence in recent years, but Ackerman, who does allow that some birds are brighter than others, points favorably to the much-despised pigeon as an animal that “can remember hundreds of different objects for long periods of time, discriminate between different painting styles, and figure out where it’s going, even when displaced from familiar territory by hundreds of miles.” Not bad for a critter best known for bespattering statues in public parks. Ackerman travels far afield to places such as Barbados and New Caledonia to study such matters as memory, communication, and decision-making, the last largely based on visual cues—though, as she notes, birds also draw ably on other senses, including smell, which in turn opens up insight onto “a weird evolutionary paradox that scientists have puzzled over for more than a decade”—a matter of the geometry of, yes, the bird brain.

Ackerman writes with a light but assured touch, her prose rich in fact but economical in delivering it. Fans of birds in all their diversity will want to read this one.

Pub Date: April 12, 2016

ISBN: 978-1-59420-521-7

Page Count: 336

Publisher: Penguin Press

Review Posted Online: Feb. 17, 2016

Kirkus Reviews Issue: March 1, 2016

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Jahren transcends both memoir and science writing in this literary fusion of both genres.

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LAB GIRL

Award-winning scientist Jahren (Geology and Geophysics/Univ. of Hawaii) delivers a personal memoir and a paean to the natural world.

The author’s father was a physics and earth science teacher who encouraged her play in the laboratory, and her mother was a student of English literature who nurtured her love of reading. Both of these early influences engrossingly combine in this adroit story of a dedication to science. Jahren’s journey from struggling student to struggling scientist has the narrative tension of a novel and characters she imbues with real depth. The heroes in this tale are the plants that the author studies, and throughout, she employs her facility with words to engage her readers. We learn much along the way—e.g., how the willow tree clones itself, the courage of a seed’s first root, the symbiotic relationship between trees and fungi, and the airborne signals used by trees in their ongoing war against insects. Trees are of key interest to Jahren, and at times she waxes poetic: “Each beginning is the end of a waiting. We are each given exactly one chance to be. Each of us is both impossible and inevitable. Every replete tree was first a seed that waited.” The author draws many parallels between her subjects and herself. This is her story, after all, and we are engaged beyond expectation as she relates her struggle in building and running laboratory after laboratory at the universities that have employed her. Present throughout is her lab partner, a disaffected genius named Bill, whom she recruited when she was a graduate student at Berkeley and with whom she’s worked ever since. The author’s tenacity, hope, and gratitude are all evident as she and Bill chase the sweetness of discovery in the face of the harsh economic realities of the research scientist.

Jahren transcends both memoir and science writing in this literary fusion of both genres.

Pub Date: April 5, 2016

ISBN: 978-1-101-87493-6

Page Count: 336

Publisher: Knopf

Review Posted Online: Jan. 5, 2016

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2016

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