An informative, purposeful argument about why we must accept the moral as well as practical responsibility of water...

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THE VIRTUOUS CYCLE OF WATER AND PROSPERITY

Why well-functioning natural ecosystems—“watersheds, wetlands, floodplains, and river systems”—play as important a role in our economic infrastructure as dams, canals, and water treatment plants.

While recognizing the benefits of “large-scale water engineering” projects that support an increasing population at a higher standard of living, Global Water Policy Project director Postel (Pillar of Sand: Can the Irrigation Miracle Last?, 1999, etc.) questions whether this dependence on man-made structures is sustainable. Over the past two centuries, argues the author, the massive benefits have tended to overshadow hidden costs such as the depletion of groundwater and unsustainable water use. “As long as progress was measured by the growth in populations served, hectares irrigated, and kilowatt-house generated,” she writes, “the construction of big dams, canals, turbines, and pumps was deemed to serve humanity well.” We have substituted filtration plants for wetlands, which provided purification by natural filtration, in order to supply water to support farms and urban development. Another important concern is the extent to which we are depleting groundwater for irrigation. Postel cites a particularly alarming example: the Chinese irrigation project involving the transfer of “a volume of water equal to the yearly flow of the Nile River” from the Yangtze River, at an estimated cost of $60 billion, without regard to the ecological and social disruptions involved. Nevertheless, the author is optimistic about a shift away from a narrow, utilitarian view of water to a recognition that it is “the planet’s greatest gift.” She is discovering a growing appreciation for the important role of natural ecosystems; hopefully, she writes, the efforts to recharge groundwater in California—and other Western states—by replenishing aquifers will succeed in alleviating the immediate threat of drought and provide a model for future water management.

An informative, purposeful argument about why we must accept the moral as well as practical responsibility of water stewardship.

Pub Date: Oct. 10, 2017

ISBN: 978-1-61091-790-2

Page Count: 336

Publisher: Island Press

Review Posted Online: Sept. 19, 2017

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Aug. 1, 2017

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A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular...

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WHEN BREATH BECOMES AIR

A neurosurgeon with a passion for literature tragically finds his perfect subject after his diagnosis of terminal lung cancer.

Writing isn’t brain surgery, but it’s rare when someone adept at the latter is also so accomplished at the former. Searching for meaning and purpose in his life, Kalanithi pursued a doctorate in literature and had felt certain that he wouldn’t enter the field of medicine, in which his father and other members of his family excelled. “But I couldn’t let go of the question,” he writes, after realizing that his goals “didn’t quite fit in an English department.” “Where did biology, morality, literature and philosophy intersect?” So he decided to set aside his doctoral dissertation and belatedly prepare for medical school, which “would allow me a chance to find answers that are not in books, to find a different sort of sublime, to forge relationships with the suffering, and to keep following the question of what makes human life meaningful, even in the face of death and decay.” The author’s empathy undoubtedly made him an exceptional doctor, and the precision of his prose—as well as the moral purpose underscoring it—suggests that he could have written a good book on any subject he chose. Part of what makes this book so essential is the fact that it was written under a death sentence following the diagnosis that upended his life, just as he was preparing to end his residency and attract offers at the top of his profession. Kalanithi learned he might have 10 years to live or perhaps five. Should he return to neurosurgery (he could and did), or should he write (he also did)? Should he and his wife have a baby? They did, eight months before he died, which was less than two years after the original diagnosis. “The fact of death is unsettling,” he understates. “Yet there is no other way to live.”

A moving meditation on mortality by a gifted writer whose dual perspectives of physician and patient provide a singular clarity.

Pub Date: Jan. 19, 2016

ISBN: 978-0-8129-8840-6

Page Count: 248

Publisher: Random House

Review Posted Online: Sept. 30, 2015

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 15, 2015

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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

GOOD ECONOMICS FOR HARD TIMES

“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 29, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

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