A necessary public service in prose occasionally rendered sarcastic by the absurdity of the material. Fans of Orwell, take...




A sharply articulated, well-documented exposé of the political and economic manipulation of language.

British journalist Poole (Trigger Happy, 2000) sets forth an array of pernicious examples of what he calls Unspeak, the sneaky use of feel-good euphemism that tends to cancel any opposition (e.g., “pro-life”). Differentiating it from Orwell’s Newspeak, which excised undesirable words from the lexicon or renamed them for political propaganda, and Doublethink, which is outright lying, the author defines Unspeak as “a name that smuggles in a political opinion . . . a whole partisan argument is packed into a sound bite.” He devotes chapters to such large, unwieldy themes as “terror” or “freedom,” delineating within each some of the more egregious examples of Unspeak in Britain and America. Under the rubric “community,” for example, Poole discusses at length the ways in which politicians invoke the word’s warm, fuzzy nostalgia in order to include by exclusion: e.g., using the phrase “Muslim community” already presupposes that it is separate from the mainstream, defensive and all of one mind. “The term ‘asylum seeker’ had gradually replaced ‘refugee,’ ” he writes, “shifting the emphasis from what a person was fleeing to the demands he was making on the country he arrived in.” Blair and Bush say “I believe” rather than “I think,” vanquishing reason and facts with faith. Poole persuasively demonstrates how the term “global warming” has devolved into the less terrifying “climate change.” He traces the tweaking of genetically engineered food, first to “genetically modified,” then to the more positive-sounding “genetically enhanced,” and finally to “the shiny new term ‘biotechnology foods’ . . . genes (a Word to Lose) could be forgotten.” The author heats up when taking on the “march of freedom,” or the “global struggle against violent extremism,” a more virtuous-seeming contest than the “war on terror.” He offers reasoned criticism of machinations by governments, media and interest groups, both left and right.

A necessary public service in prose occasionally rendered sarcastic by the absurdity of the material. Fans of Orwell, take heart.

Pub Date: May 10, 2006

ISBN: 0-8021-1825-9

Page Count: 288

Publisher: Grove

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: March 15, 2006

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Not an easy read but an essential one.

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Title notwithstanding, this latest from the National Book Award–winning author is no guidebook to getting woke.

In fact, the word “woke” appears nowhere within its pages. Rather, it is a combination memoir and extension of Atlantic columnist Kendi’s towering Stamped From the Beginning (2016) that leads readers through a taxonomy of racist thought to anti-racist action. Never wavering from the thesis introduced in his previous book, that “racism is a powerful collection of racist policies that lead to racial inequity and are substantiated by racist ideas,” the author posits a seemingly simple binary: “Antiracism is a powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are substantiated by antiracist ideas.” The author, founding director of American University’s Antiracist Research and Policy Center, chronicles how he grew from a childhood steeped in black liberation Christianity to his doctoral studies, identifying and dispelling the layers of racist thought under which he had operated. “Internalized racism,” he writes, “is the real Black on Black Crime.” Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth, all the way to the intersectional constructs of gender racism and queer racism (the only section of the book that feels rushed). Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). The author then reframes those received ideas with inexorable logic: “Either racist policy or Black inferiority explains why White people are wealthier, healthier, and more powerful than Black people today.” If Kendi is justifiably hard on America, he’s just as hard on himself. When he began college, “anti-Black racist ideas covered my freshman eyes like my orange contacts.” This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory.

Not an easy read but an essential one.

Pub Date: Aug. 13, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-50928-8

Page Count: 320

Publisher: One World/Random House

Review Posted Online: April 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2019

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For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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