A NATURAL HISTORY OF PARENTING

FROM EMPEROR PENGUINS TO RELUCTANT EWES, A NATURALIST LOOKS AT PARENTING IN THE ANIMAL WORLD AND OURS

The many faces of parenting, from doting to feckless, are given a mulling in this fine exegetic study from Allport (Explorers of the Black Box, 1986, etc.). Allport raises sheep, and one of them was an unenthusiastic mother, which gave her pause. If maternal behavior is instinctive, why does it sometimes fail, why does ``this most ordinary, most extraordinary of things'' go haywire? Is it a hormonal failure, immaturity, a behavioral short circuit, a simple mistake? What are the tethers that bind child to parent? Why are some born with parenting skills, while others must learn, and still others just never make the connection? Allport tackles these quandries by turning to theoretical literature: to the research of such figures as psychologist John Bowlby and biologist Robert Trivers; to mother's milk and attraction theory; to the work that has been done on bats, beluga whales, and birds. She also deploys good old common sense, intuition, and the knowledge she gains from watching her backyard bestiary to connect the parenting dots, culling what she feels are erroneous Freudian and behavioralist influences. She scours some pretty scientific terrain in prose that is not just splendid, but inviting and clarifying. She is fascinating when discussing the parenting style of sea horses, bluebirds, and (knowing what will most strongly hold the attention of readers) homo sapiens, detailing patterns in child care and parenting behavior that are as much a signature as plumage on a bird: the need to form attachment to a caregiver; the loose bonds (at first) that make adoption so successful; the slackening of allegiance in industrial society, where men and women are not so critical to each other's survival. Heady, roiling, gutsy stuff, which Allport handles with aplomb. It is a wondrous dance, this parent-child two-step, and Allport perfectly catches the magic nature of the bond. (b&w illustrations, not seen)

Pub Date: March 1, 1997

ISBN: 0-517-70799-3

Page Count: 256

Publisher: Harmony

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1997

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A tiny book, not much bigger than a pamphlet, with huge potential impact.

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NO ONE IS TOO SMALL TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE

A collection of articulate, forceful speeches made from September 2018 to September 2019 by the Swedish climate activist who was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize.

Speaking in such venues as the European and British Parliaments, the French National Assembly, the Austrian World Summit, and the U.N. General Assembly, Thunberg has always been refreshingly—and necessarily—blunt in her demands for action from world leaders who refuse to address climate change. With clarity and unbridled passion, she presents her message that climate change is an emergency that must be addressed immediately, and she fills her speeches with punchy sound bites delivered in her characteristic pull-no-punches style: “I don’t want you to be hopeful. I want you to panic. I want you to feel the fear I feel every day. And then I want you to act.” In speech after speech, to persuade her listeners, she cites uncomfortable, even alarming statistics about global temperature rise and carbon dioxide emissions. Although this inevitably makes the text rather repetitive, the repetition itself has an impact, driving home her point so that no one can fail to understand its importance. Thunberg varies her style for different audiences. Sometimes it is the rousing “our house is on fire” approach; other times she speaks more quietly about herself and her hopes and her dreams. When addressing the U.S. Congress, she knowingly calls to mind the words and deeds of Martin Luther King Jr. and John F. Kennedy. The last speech in the book ends on a note that is both challenging and upbeat: “We are the change and change is coming.” The edition published in Britain earlier this year contained 11 speeches; this updated edition has 16, all worth reading.

A tiny book, not much bigger than a pamphlet, with huge potential impact.

Pub Date: Nov. 26, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-14-313356-8

Page Count: 112

Publisher: Penguin

Review Posted Online: Nov. 3, 2019

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An authoritative, engaging study of plant life, accessible to younger readers as well as adults.

THE INCREDIBLE JOURNEY OF PLANTS

A neurobiologist reveals the interconnectedness of the natural world through stories of plant migration.

In this slim but well-packed book, Mancuso (Plant Science/Univ. of Florence; The Revolutionary Genius of Plants: A New Understanding of Plant Intelligence and Behavior, 2018, etc.) presents an illuminating and surprisingly lively study of plant life. He smoothly balances expansive historical exploration with recent scientific research through stories of how various plant species are capable of migrating to locations throughout the world by means of air, water, and even via animals. They often continue to thrive in spite of dire obstacles and environments. One example is the response of plants following the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Three decades later, the abandoned “Exclusion Zone” is now entirely covered by an enormous assortment of thriving plants. Mancuso also tracks the journeys of several species that might be regarded as invasive. “Why…do we insist on labeling as ‘invasive’ all those plants that, with great success, have managed to occupy new territories?” asks the author. “On a closer look, the invasive plants of today are the native flora of the future, just as the invasive species of the past are a fundamental part of our ecosystem today.” Throughout, Mancuso persuasively articulates why an understanding and appreciation of how nature is interconnected is vital to the future of our planet. “In nature everything is connected,” he writes. “This simple law that humans don’t seem to understand has a corollary: the extinction of a species, besides being a calamity in and of itself, has unforeseeable consequences for the system to which the species belongs.” The book is not without flaws. The loosely imagined watercolor renderings are vague and fail to effectively complement Mancuso’s richly descriptive prose or satisfy readers’ curiosity. Even without actual photos and maps, it would have been beneficial to readers to include more finely detailed plant and map renderings.

An authoritative, engaging study of plant life, accessible to younger readers as well as adults.

Pub Date: March 17, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-63542-991-6

Page Count: 176

Publisher: Other Press

Review Posted Online: Dec. 8, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 2020

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