An illuminating work of much interest to students of crime and punishment.

THE PUZZLE OF PRISON ORDER

WHY LIFE BEHIND BARS VARIES AROUND THE WORLD

Brown University political scientist Skarbek examines prisons around the world to determine how they work—or don’t.

“Most prisoners want the same things that we all want, such as good food, clean water, effective healthcare, and opportunities for education and recreation,” writes the author. Depending on where they are, they have widely different access to them. Ander Breivik, the right-wing Norwegian imprisoned for mass murder, has a treadmill, refrigerator, and video game system in his cell, which comprises three rooms. Many Scandinavian prisons are staffed at a 1:1 ratio of employees to prisoners and serve as models of humane treatment of criminals. Conversely, in Latin America, prisons tend to be severely understaffed, but they rely on models where the prisoners essentially run the show, sometimes even carrying weapons and working guard duty. American prisons fall somewhere in the middle, though they are markedly more riven by racial divides than society at large. By Skarbek’s account, women’s prisons are more orderly, and even though women prisoners resort to violence as frequently as men, they seldom do so with deadly force. Prisoners form self-governing societies inside the walls mostly to protect themselves against violent attacks; as Skarbek writes, no matter where they are, prisoners also “face the fundamental problem of political economy: how to create institutions that are strong enough to protect property rights but constrain these institutions so that political power is not used to violate people’s rights.” In situations where prisons are well governed by their keepers, they tend not to form gangs or other systems of “extralegal governance,” and where they are not, the prisoners must take care of such things themselves. The takeaway is that you don’t want to be imprisoned, especially not in violence-driven places such as the Civil War prison camp at Andersonville, but if you are, Sweden and Norway are the places to be.

An illuminating work of much interest to students of crime and punishment.

Pub Date: Aug. 3, 2020

ISBN: 978-0-19-067250-8

Page Count: 192

Publisher: Oxford Univ.

Review Posted Online: April 26, 2020

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2020

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A blissfully vicarious, heartfelt glimpse into the life of a Manhattan burlesque dancer.

TANQUERAY

A former New York City dancer reflects on her zesty heyday in the 1970s.

Discovered on a Manhattan street in 2020 and introduced on Stanton’s Humans of New York Instagram page, Johnson, then 76, shares her dynamic history as a “fiercely independent” Black burlesque dancer who used the stage name Tanqueray and became a celebrated fixture in midtown adult theaters. “I was the only black girl making white girl money,” she boasts, telling a vibrant story about sex and struggle in a bygone era. Frank and unapologetic, Johnson vividly captures aspects of her former life as a stage seductress shimmying to blues tracks during 18-minute sets or sewing lingerie for plus-sized dancers. Though her work was far from the Broadway shows she dreamed about, it eventually became all about the nightly hustle to simply survive. Her anecdotes are humorous, heartfelt, and supremely captivating, recounted with the passion of a true survivor and the acerbic wit of a weathered, street-wise New Yorker. She shares stories of growing up in an abusive household in Albany in the 1940s, a teenage pregnancy, and prison time for robbery as nonchalantly as she recalls selling rhinestone G-strings to prostitutes to make them sparkle in the headlights of passing cars. Complemented by an array of revealing personal photographs, the narrative alternates between heartfelt nostalgia about the seedier side of Manhattan’s go-go scene and funny quips about her unconventional stage performances. Encounters with a variety of hardworking dancers, drag queens, and pimps, plus an account of the complexities of a first love with a drug-addled hustler, fill out the memoir with personality and candor. With a narrative assist from Stanton, the result is a consistently titillating and often moving story of human struggle as well as an insider glimpse into the days when Times Square was considered the Big Apple’s gloriously unpolished underbelly. The book also includes Yee’s lush watercolor illustrations.

A blissfully vicarious, heartfelt glimpse into the life of a Manhattan burlesque dancer.

Pub Date: July 12, 2022

ISBN: 978-1-250-27827-2

Page Count: 192

Publisher: St. Martin's

Review Posted Online: July 28, 2022

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If the authors are serious, this is a silly, distasteful book. If they are not, it’s a brilliant satire.

THE 48 LAWS OF POWER

The authors have created a sort of anti-Book of Virtues in this encyclopedic compendium of the ways and means of power.

Everyone wants power and everyone is in a constant duplicitous game to gain more power at the expense of others, according to Greene, a screenwriter and former editor at Esquire (Elffers, a book packager, designed the volume, with its attractive marginalia). We live today as courtiers once did in royal courts: we must appear civil while attempting to crush all those around us. This power game can be played well or poorly, and in these 48 laws culled from the history and wisdom of the world’s greatest power players are the rules that must be followed to win. These laws boil down to being as ruthless, selfish, manipulative, and deceitful as possible. Each law, however, gets its own chapter: “Conceal Your Intentions,” “Always Say Less Than Necessary,” “Pose as a Friend, Work as a Spy,” and so on. Each chapter is conveniently broken down into sections on what happened to those who transgressed or observed the particular law, the key elements in this law, and ways to defensively reverse this law when it’s used against you. Quotations in the margins amplify the lesson being taught. While compelling in the way an auto accident might be, the book is simply nonsense. Rules often contradict each other. We are told, for instance, to “be conspicuous at all cost,” then told to “behave like others.” More seriously, Greene never really defines “power,” and he merely asserts, rather than offers evidence for, the Hobbesian world of all against all in which he insists we live. The world may be like this at times, but often it isn’t. To ask why this is so would be a far more useful project.

If the authors are serious, this is a silly, distasteful book. If they are not, it’s a brilliant satire.

Pub Date: Sept. 1, 1998

ISBN: 0-670-88146-5

Page Count: 430

Publisher: Viking

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: July 15, 1998

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