The stunning ``liberation'' of Romania from the tyranny of Nicolae and Elena Ceausescu in 1989 gave veteran journalist (Hirohito, 1989, etc.) and novelist (Getting Even, 1980) Behr the impetus for this bold new look at the country's recent history. Dramatically beginning with the downfall and swift execution of the ruling couple, events that galvanized world attention, the sensational detailsa dwindling Ceausescu escape party as one follower after another slipped away, the overnight disappearance of their corpsesrapidly give way here to a more sedate chronicle of Romanian politics, starting with the royal family imported from Western Europe in the 19th century. Although active from the end of WW I, Communists failed to gain influence until the balance of power changed in 1946, after a Churchill-Stalin agreement placed the country in Soviet hands in exchange for Greece. A trusted subordinate of leader Gheorghiu-Dej, Ceausescu maneuvered himself into an influential Party position, snatching power in 1965. While Wester and Third World governments alike initially thought him a Dubcek-style innovator, he and his wife pampered themselves royally, living in secure and splendid isolation as the people faced increasing hardship and squalor. Here, no lack of informants amend the Ceausescu recordfamily members, dissidents, generals who planned a coupensuring a spirited revision of the official view, even if somewhat suspect given the tendency of interviewees to put a favorable spin on their own roles. A popular history, superficial but eminently readable, with the clear message that only the names of those in power have changed, and the real Romanian revolution is yet to come. (Eight pages of b&w photographsnot seen.)

Pub Date: May 31, 1991

ISBN: 0-679-40128-8

Page Count: 288

Publisher: Villard

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 1, 1991

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The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the...


Elie Wiesel spent his early years in a small Transylvanian town as one of four children. 

He was the only one of the family to survive what Francois Maurois, in his introduction, calls the "human holocaust" of the persecution of the Jews, which began with the restrictions, the singularization of the yellow star, the enclosure within the ghetto, and went on to the mass deportations to the ovens of Auschwitz and Buchenwald. There are unforgettable and horrifying scenes here in this spare and sombre memoir of this experience of the hanging of a child, of his first farewell with his father who leaves him an inheritance of a knife and a spoon, and of his last goodbye at Buchenwald his father's corpse is already cold let alone the long months of survival under unconscionable conditions. 

The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the sphere of suffering shared, and in this case extended to the death march itself, there is no spiritual or emotional legacy here to offset any reader reluctance.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2006

ISBN: 0374500010

Page Count: 120

Publisher: Hill & Wang

Review Posted Online: Oct. 7, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2006

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The value of this book is the context it provides, in a style aimed at a concerned citizenry rather than fellow academics,...


A provocative analysis of the parallels between Donald Trump’s ascent and the fall of other democracies.

Following the last presidential election, Levitsky (Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America, 2003, etc.) and Ziblatt (Conservative Parties and the Birth of Democracy, 2017, etc.), both professors of government at Harvard, wrote an op-ed column titled, “Is Donald Trump a Threat to Democracy?” The answer here is a resounding yes, though, as in that column, the authors underscore their belief that the crisis extends well beyond the power won by an outsider whom they consider a demagogue and a liar. “Donald Trump may have accelerated the process, but he didn’t cause it,” they write of the politics-as-warfare mentality. “The weakening of our democratic norms is rooted in extreme partisan polarization—one that extends beyond policy differences into an existential conflict over race and culture.” The authors fault the Republican establishment for failing to stand up to Trump, even if that meant electing his opponent, and they seem almost wistfully nostalgic for the days when power brokers in smoke-filled rooms kept candidacies restricted to a club whose members knew how to play by the rules. Those supporting the candidacy of Bernie Sanders might take as much issue with their prescriptions as Trump followers will. However, the comparisons they draw to how democratic populism paved the way toward tyranny in Peru, Venezuela, Chile, and elsewhere are chilling. Among the warning signs they highlight are the Republican Senate’s refusal to consider Barack Obama’s Supreme Court nominee as well as Trump’s demonization of political opponents, minorities, and the media. As disturbing as they find the dismantling of Democratic safeguards, Levitsky and Ziblatt suggest that “a broad opposition coalition would have important benefits,” though such a coalition would strike some as a move to the center, a return to politics as usual, and even a pragmatic betrayal of principles.

The value of this book is the context it provides, in a style aimed at a concerned citizenry rather than fellow academics, rather than in the consensus it is not likely to build.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2018

ISBN: 978-1-5247-6293-3

Page Count: 320

Publisher: Crown

Review Posted Online: Nov. 13, 2017

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Dec. 1, 2017

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