Savaged in its time for its unblinking portrait of an army destroyed piece by piece, this account should interest military...

NAPOLEON’S EXPEDITION TO RUSSIA

A long-neglected memoir of the Russian campaign, first published four years after its protagonist’s death.

At the end of his life, Napoleon allowed that he had made three big errors: he should have made peace with England at the end of the Peninsular War, should have restored the Kingdom of Poland, and should never have tried to invade Russia. But invade Russia he did. When his Grand Army began its campaign against Tsar Alexander’s forces in 1812, it was half-a-million soldiers strong; so worked up were they at the prospect of trouncing the enemy that elements of the advance guard came to blows over who got to cross into Russia first. Only 10,000 French soldiers made it out of Russian territory just a few months later; the rest died of Russian bullets, starvation, or the awful cold of winter. De Ségur, a general in charge of logistics, was on hand to witness this slaughter and Napoleon’s foul moods; though no Tolstoy, he offers in these pages eyewitness accounts of such signal battles as Moscow and Borodino, which left the Grand Army “blackened with powder and spotted with blood; and yet, in the midst of their rags, their misery and disasters, they had a proud look; and at the sight of the Emperor, uttered some shouts of triumph; but they were rare and forced.” De Ségur, a proud patriot, takes care to portray his fellow soldiers as brave and selfless men, though he fully recognizes their all too human frailties, as when the exhausted and fatigued infantry discovers “a spirit distilled from grain . . . used instead of wine and brandy made from grapes”—vodka, that is, which seems to have taken as many victims as shrapnel. He treats his ruler more circumspectly, but, reading between the lines, we find in his pages a Napoleon of rueful and uneasy countenance, stricken by disease and remorse, far from the stoical leader generally portrayed.

Savaged in its time for its unblinking portrait of an army destroyed piece by piece, this account should interest military historians greatly.

Pub Date: May 1, 2003

ISBN: 0-7867-1174-4

Page Count: 320

Publisher: N/A

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: March 1, 2003

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A PEOPLE'S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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Buffs of the Old West will enjoy Clavin’s careful research and vivid writing.

TOMBSTONE

THE EARP BROTHERS, DOC HOLLIDAY, AND THE VENDETTA RIDE FROM HELL

Rootin’-tootin’ history of the dry-gulchers, horn-swogglers, and outright killers who populated the Wild West’s wildest city in the late 19th century.

The stories of Wyatt Earp and company, the shootout at the O.K. Corral, and Geronimo and the Apache Wars are all well known. Clavin, who has written books on Dodge City and Wild Bill Hickok, delivers a solid narrative that usefully links significant events—making allies of white enemies, for instance, in facing down the Apache threat, rustling from Mexico, and other ethnically charged circumstances. The author is a touch revisionist, in the modern fashion, in noting that the Earps and Clantons weren’t as bloodthirsty as popular culture has made them out to be. For example, Wyatt and Bat Masterson “took the ‘peace’ in peace officer literally and knew that the way to tame the notorious town was not to outkill the bad guys but to intimidate them, sometimes with the help of a gun barrel to the skull.” Indeed, while some of the Clantons and some of the Earps died violently, most—Wyatt, Bat, Doc Holliday—died of cancer and other ailments, if only a few of old age. Clavin complicates the story by reminding readers that the Earps weren’t really the law in Tombstone and sometimes fell on the other side of the line and that the ordinary citizens of Tombstone and other famed Western venues valued order and peace and weren’t particularly keen on gunfighters and their mischief. Still, updating the old notion that the Earp myth is the American Iliad, the author is at his best when he delineates those fraught spasms of violence. “It is never a good sign for law-abiding citizens,” he writes at one high point, “to see Johnny Ringo rush into town, both him and his horse all in a lather.” Indeed not, even if Ringo wound up killing himself and law-abiding Tombstone faded into obscurity when the silver played out.

Buffs of the Old West will enjoy Clavin’s careful research and vivid writing.

Pub Date: April 21, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-250-21458-4

Page Count: 400

Publisher: St. Martin's

Review Posted Online: Jan. 20, 2020

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 15, 2020

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