EMPIRE OF THE SCALPEL

THE HISTORY OF SURGERY

A fascinating, well-rendered story of how the once-impossible became a daily reality.

A veteran surgeon and historian of American medicine charts the development of effective surgery.

Rutkow, who has written multiple books about surgery, offers both useful historical context and deserved recognition to the key figures. The author notes that the first evidence of surgery goes back millennia—there are skulls from the Neolithic period with holes in them caused by a method called trephination, which relieves dangerous pressure on the brain—but he also acknowledges that for centuries, surgery was a last-resort procedure, almost as likely to kill the patient as save them. In fact, some of the early surgeons were barbers, presumably because they owned sharp blades. Rutkow sets out the parameters for successful surgery as we now know it: a profound knowledge of anatomy, a capacity to stem blood loss, access to anesthesia, and a precise understanding of infection and how to combat it. He shows how each of these elements has been addressed and provides biographical sketches of the physicians and researchers responsible. Modern developments such as X-rays and blood typing helped to turn surgery into a more exact science, reflected in increasing professionalization and specialization in the field. The first kidney transplant, in 1954, was a remarkable achievement, marking the way ahead for operations of increasing complexity. Rutkow also adds some vignettes about his own surgical experiences, which gives the book an added dimension of personal connection. The author avoids jargon, arguing against the idea of surgeons as a quasi-priestly elite and emphasizing that surgery is, ultimately, about saving lives rather than building reputations. In the concluding section, he examines the impact of robots, 3-D organ printing, and artificial intelligence systems on surgical practices, changes that will require new skills from surgeons. These advancements are all positive, writes Rutkow, but a knowledge of history provides a crucial element of humility for the profession and understanding for the public.

A fascinating, well-rendered story of how the once-impossible became a daily reality.

Pub Date: March 8, 2022

ISBN: 978-1-5011-6374-6

Page Count: 432

Publisher: Scribner

Review Posted Online: Dec. 14, 2021

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 2022

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KILLERS OF THE FLOWER MOON

THE OSAGE MURDERS AND THE BIRTH OF THE FBI

Dogged original research and superb narrative skills come together in this gripping account of pitiless evil.

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Greed, depravity, and serial murder in 1920s Oklahoma.

During that time, enrolled members of the Osage Indian nation were among the wealthiest people per capita in the world. The rich oil fields beneath their reservation brought millions of dollars into the tribe annually, distributed to tribal members holding "headrights" that could not be bought or sold but only inherited. This vast wealth attracted the attention of unscrupulous whites who found ways to divert it to themselves by marrying Osage women or by having Osage declared legally incompetent so the whites could fleece them through the administration of their estates. For some, however, these deceptive tactics were not enough, and a plague of violent death—by shooting, poison, orchestrated automobile accident, and bombing—began to decimate the Osage in what they came to call the "Reign of Terror." Corrupt and incompetent law enforcement and judicial systems ensured that the perpetrators were never found or punished until the young J. Edgar Hoover saw cracking these cases as a means of burnishing the reputation of the newly professionalized FBI. Bestselling New Yorker staff writer Grann (The Devil and Sherlock Holmes: Tales of Murder, Madness, and Obsession, 2010, etc.) follows Special Agent Tom White and his assistants as they track the killers of one extended Osage family through a closed local culture of greed, bigotry, and lies in pursuit of protection for the survivors and justice for the dead. But he doesn't stop there; relying almost entirely on primary and unpublished sources, the author goes on to expose a web of conspiracy and corruption that extended far wider than even the FBI ever suspected. This page-turner surges forward with the pacing of a true-crime thriller, elevated by Grann's crisp and evocative prose and enhanced by dozens of period photographs.

Dogged original research and superb narrative skills come together in this gripping account of pitiless evil.

Pub Date: April 18, 2017

ISBN: 978-0-385-53424-6

Page Count: 352

Publisher: Doubleday

Review Posted Online: Feb. 1, 2017

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 15, 2017

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  • New York Times Bestseller

TANQUERAY

A blissfully vicarious, heartfelt glimpse into the life of a Manhattan burlesque dancer.

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A former New York City dancer reflects on her zesty heyday in the 1970s.

Discovered on a Manhattan street in 2020 and introduced on Stanton’s Humans of New York Instagram page, Johnson, then 76, shares her dynamic history as a “fiercely independent” Black burlesque dancer who used the stage name Tanqueray and became a celebrated fixture in midtown adult theaters. “I was the only black girl making white girl money,” she boasts, telling a vibrant story about sex and struggle in a bygone era. Frank and unapologetic, Johnson vividly captures aspects of her former life as a stage seductress shimmying to blues tracks during 18-minute sets or sewing lingerie for plus-sized dancers. Though her work was far from the Broadway shows she dreamed about, it eventually became all about the nightly hustle to simply survive. Her anecdotes are humorous, heartfelt, and supremely captivating, recounted with the passion of a true survivor and the acerbic wit of a weathered, street-wise New Yorker. She shares stories of growing up in an abusive household in Albany in the 1940s, a teenage pregnancy, and prison time for robbery as nonchalantly as she recalls selling rhinestone G-strings to prostitutes to make them sparkle in the headlights of passing cars. Complemented by an array of revealing personal photographs, the narrative alternates between heartfelt nostalgia about the seedier side of Manhattan’s go-go scene and funny quips about her unconventional stage performances. Encounters with a variety of hardworking dancers, drag queens, and pimps, plus an account of the complexities of a first love with a drug-addled hustler, fill out the memoir with personality and candor. With a narrative assist from Stanton, the result is a consistently titillating and often moving story of human struggle as well as an insider glimpse into the days when Times Square was considered the Big Apple’s gloriously unpolished underbelly. The book also includes Yee’s lush watercolor illustrations.

A blissfully vicarious, heartfelt glimpse into the life of a Manhattan burlesque dancer.

Pub Date: July 12, 2022

ISBN: 978-1-250-27827-2

Page Count: 192

Publisher: St. Martin's

Review Posted Online: July 27, 2022

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