This ambitious book’s unique structure offers some unusual, intriguing moments.



A writer tries to answer all of life’s mysteries by having a Socratic dialogue with God in this debut philosophical work.  

Bagisbayev begins his broad examination of human life with an equally broad list of questions. Perhaps the most important ones are: “Why do we have so many moral rules....[W]ho invents the rules and why should I comply?” For the author, the answer to these and many other deep queries can be found by unifying different scientific and theoretical approaches to human behavior. To that end, he constructs what he calls a “neither scientific nor anti-scientific...neither theological nor atheistic” scenario—specifically, a dialogue in which a fictional protagonist speaks directly with God every morning, allowing the deity to prod him into new ways of thinking. This dialogue addresses three principal notions: “The Law of Gene Preservation,” “The Law of Freedom of Choice,” and finally, “The Law of Humandynamics,” which says that freedom of choice increases over time. Bagisbayev’s protagonist addresses thorny issues of history and politics while God gently encourages his thesis that everything can be understood as extensions of nature’s physical laws. The book includes references to real-world scholars and studies throughout, but its real focus is using logic to connect abstract concepts to their real-world incarnations. As translated from the original Russian by Joanna Dobson, the conversations between God and the protagonist rely heavily on wordplay, engaging rhetorical strategies, and a dry sense of humor that helps to ground the lofty subject matter: for example, when the protagonist wants to investigate the origin of numbers, God wryly asks, “Are you going to teach me to count?” At times, though, the book’s incredible breadth overshadows its engaging arguments and funny moments, often leaving readers with more questions. It’s most focused and purposeful when Bagisbayev builds on a specific theme, such as the disparities between ancient religions and contemporary morality.

This ambitious book’s unique structure offers some unusual, intriguing moments.

Pub Date: Dec. 8, 2016

ISBN: 978-1-5372-7122-4

Page Count: 216

Publisher: CreateSpace

Review Posted Online: Jan. 31, 2017

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If the authors are serious, this is a silly, distasteful book. If they are not, it’s a brilliant satire.


The authors have created a sort of anti-Book of Virtues in this encyclopedic compendium of the ways and means of power.

Everyone wants power and everyone is in a constant duplicitous game to gain more power at the expense of others, according to Greene, a screenwriter and former editor at Esquire (Elffers, a book packager, designed the volume, with its attractive marginalia). We live today as courtiers once did in royal courts: we must appear civil while attempting to crush all those around us. This power game can be played well or poorly, and in these 48 laws culled from the history and wisdom of the world’s greatest power players are the rules that must be followed to win. These laws boil down to being as ruthless, selfish, manipulative, and deceitful as possible. Each law, however, gets its own chapter: “Conceal Your Intentions,” “Always Say Less Than Necessary,” “Pose as a Friend, Work as a Spy,” and so on. Each chapter is conveniently broken down into sections on what happened to those who transgressed or observed the particular law, the key elements in this law, and ways to defensively reverse this law when it’s used against you. Quotations in the margins amplify the lesson being taught. While compelling in the way an auto accident might be, the book is simply nonsense. Rules often contradict each other. We are told, for instance, to “be conspicuous at all cost,” then told to “behave like others.” More seriously, Greene never really defines “power,” and he merely asserts, rather than offers evidence for, the Hobbesian world of all against all in which he insists we live. The world may be like this at times, but often it isn’t. To ask why this is so would be a far more useful project.

If the authors are serious, this is a silly, distasteful book. If they are not, it’s a brilliant satire.

Pub Date: Sept. 1, 1998

ISBN: 0-670-88146-5

Page Count: 430

Publisher: Viking

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: July 15, 1998

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This a book of earlier, philosophical essays concerned with the essential "absurdity" of life and the concept that- to overcome the strong tendency to suicide in every thoughtful man-one must accept life on its own terms with its values of revolt, liberty and passion. A dreary thesis- derived from and distorting the beliefs of the founders of existentialism, Jaspers, Heldegger and Kierkegaard, etc., the point of view seems peculiarly outmoded. It is based on the experience of war and the resistance, liberally laced with Andre Gide's excessive intellectualism. The younger existentialists such as Sartre and Camus, with their gift for the terse novel or intense drama, seem to have omitted from their philosophy all the deep religiosity which permeates the work of the great existentialist thinkers. This contributes to a basic lack of vitality in themselves, in these essays, and ten years after the war Camus seems unaware that the life force has healed old wounds... Largely for avant garde aesthetes and his special coterie.

Pub Date: Sept. 26, 1955

ISBN: 0679733736

Page Count: 228

Publisher: Knopf

Review Posted Online: Sept. 19, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 1, 1955

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