CATHOLIC INTELLECTUALS AND CONSERVATIVE POLITICS IN AMERICA, 1950-1985

A comprehensive and balanced history of conservative Catholic social thought during the cold war era. As Allitt (History/Emory) points out, liberal Catholic activists (Dorothy Day, Thomas Merton, the brothers Berrigan) have received ample scholarly attention, but their conservative counterparts have been largely ignored. Allitt redresses the issue, beginning with the 1950's, when a monolithic Church led by Cardinal Richard Spellman stood for religious traditionalism and ardent anti- Communism. William F. Buckley, Jr., and his National Review set the agenda until the double whammy of JFK's liberal Catholic presidency and Pope John XXIII's liberal Vatican II. As a revitalized Church emphasized the rights of the dispossessed, debate broke out over the legitimacy of capitalism itself. Other inflammatory issues- -Vietnam, feminism, birth control, civil rights—left the Church ``in an uproar.'' Conservative factions came and went, finding a second life with the election of Reagan in 1980. A close-up look at four intellectuals—John Lukacs, Thomas Molnar, Garry Wills, and Michael Novak—brings Allitt up to the mid-80's, when the National Conference of Catholic Bishops' wholesale rejection of the morality of nuclear weapons thrust Catholic conservatives into yet another dilemma. By stopping in the mid-80's, Allitt omits the recent impressive surge of Catholic neoconservatism centered around Richard John Neuhaus and First Things magazine. Another book, perhaps?—a suitable sequel to this first-rate report. (Ten b&w illustrations)

Pub Date: Nov. 1, 1993

ISBN: 0-8014-2295-7

Page Count: 344

Publisher: Cornell Univ.

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 1, 1993

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The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the...

NIGHT

Elie Wiesel spent his early years in a small Transylvanian town as one of four children. 

He was the only one of the family to survive what Francois Maurois, in his introduction, calls the "human holocaust" of the persecution of the Jews, which began with the restrictions, the singularization of the yellow star, the enclosure within the ghetto, and went on to the mass deportations to the ovens of Auschwitz and Buchenwald. There are unforgettable and horrifying scenes here in this spare and sombre memoir of this experience of the hanging of a child, of his first farewell with his father who leaves him an inheritance of a knife and a spoon, and of his last goodbye at Buchenwald his father's corpse is already cold let alone the long months of survival under unconscionable conditions. 

The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the sphere of suffering shared, and in this case extended to the death march itself, there is no spiritual or emotional legacy here to offset any reader reluctance.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2006

ISBN: 0374500010

Page Count: 120

Publisher: Hill & Wang

Review Posted Online: Oct. 7, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2006

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A PEOPLE'S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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