A sweeping, busy examination of the necessary, however fraught rewriting of America’s social contract.

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ALL IN THE FAMILY

THE REALIGNMENT OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY SINCE THE 1960S

Jampacked survey of the social movements since the 1960s that compelled America to become a more inclusive society—and created a potent conservative backlash.

Self (History/Brown Univ.; American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland, 2003) dives into the maelstrom of social revolution in the mid-1960s, which exploded assumptions about manhood, womanhood, sex, race and family. Those leading the revolution had to grapple with high unemployment and disenfranchisement of black males in the poor urban communities, and the bemoaning of the “psychological castration” of the black male and “victimization” of the working-class white male was promoted by voices as different as Malcolm X, Sen. Patrick Moynihan, Stokely Carmichael and Pete Hamill. Norms of manhood such as soldiering and patriotism were shaken by anti-war activists and draft resisters, while homosexuals demanded equal rights and an end to forced secrecy. The ideal of female domesticity fractured as women pressed for economic equality, child care, access to reproductive services and safe abortion. Yet as the counterculture, feminist and gay movements began to find their political footing, the conservative right wing galvanized its forces in the form of Nixon’s “silent majority,” middle Americans, anti-feminists, right-to-life advocates and evangelicals who all decried the breakdown of the nuclear family, boosting the Republican Party and giving rise to the Reagan Revolution of 1980. Conservatives successfully recast counterculture liberalism as damaging to the nation and the welfare-entitlement state as anathema to natural laissez-faire market principles. In a too-brief epilogue to his exhaustive study, Self sums up how this state of affairs prevailed at least through the “culture wars” of the 1990s.

A sweeping, busy examination of the necessary, however fraught rewriting of America’s social contract.

Pub Date: Sept. 18, 2012

ISBN: 978-0-8090-9502-5

Page Count: 528

Publisher: Hill and Wang/Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Review Posted Online: June 25, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: July 15, 2012

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Not an easy read but an essential one.

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HOW TO BE AN ANTIRACIST

Title notwithstanding, this latest from the National Book Award–winning author is no guidebook to getting woke.

In fact, the word “woke” appears nowhere within its pages. Rather, it is a combination memoir and extension of Atlantic columnist Kendi’s towering Stamped From the Beginning (2016) that leads readers through a taxonomy of racist thought to anti-racist action. Never wavering from the thesis introduced in his previous book, that “racism is a powerful collection of racist policies that lead to racial inequity and are substantiated by racist ideas,” the author posits a seemingly simple binary: “Antiracism is a powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are substantiated by antiracist ideas.” The author, founding director of American University’s Antiracist Research and Policy Center, chronicles how he grew from a childhood steeped in black liberation Christianity to his doctoral studies, identifying and dispelling the layers of racist thought under which he had operated. “Internalized racism,” he writes, “is the real Black on Black Crime.” Kendi methodically examines racism through numerous lenses: power, biology, ethnicity, body, culture, and so forth, all the way to the intersectional constructs of gender racism and queer racism (the only section of the book that feels rushed). Each chapter examines one facet of racism, the authorial camera alternately zooming in on an episode from Kendi’s life that exemplifies it—e.g., as a teen, he wore light-colored contact lenses, wanting “to be Black but…not…to look Black”—and then panning to the history that informs it (the antebellum hierarchy that valued light skin over dark). The author then reframes those received ideas with inexorable logic: “Either racist policy or Black inferiority explains why White people are wealthier, healthier, and more powerful than Black people today.” If Kendi is justifiably hard on America, he’s just as hard on himself. When he began college, “anti-Black racist ideas covered my freshman eyes like my orange contacts.” This unsparing honesty helps readers, both white and people of color, navigate this difficult intellectual territory.

Not an easy read but an essential one.

Pub Date: Aug. 13, 2019

ISBN: 978-0-525-50928-8

Page Count: 320

Publisher: One World/Random House

Review Posted Online: April 28, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2019

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A clear and candid contribution to an essential conversation.

SO YOU WANT TO TALK ABOUT RACE

Straight talk to blacks and whites about the realities of racism.

In her feisty debut book, Oluo, essayist, blogger, and editor at large at the Establishment magazine, writes from the perspective of a black, queer, middle-class, college-educated woman living in a “white supremacist country.” The daughter of a white single mother, brought up in largely white Seattle, she sees race as “one of the most defining forces” in her life. Throughout the book, Oluo responds to questions that she has often been asked, and others that she wishes were asked, about racism “in our workplace, our government, our homes, and ourselves.” “Is it really about race?” she is asked by whites who insist that class is a greater source of oppression. “Is police brutality really about race?” “What is cultural appropriation?” and “What is the model minority myth?” Her sharp, no-nonsense answers include talking points for both blacks and whites. She explains, for example, “when somebody asks you to ‘check your privilege’ they are asking you to pause and consider how the advantages you’ve had in life are contributing to your opinions and actions, and how the lack of disadvantages in certain areas is keeping you from fully understanding the struggles others are facing.” She unpacks the complicated term “intersectionality”: the idea that social justice must consider “a myriad of identities—our gender, class, race, sexuality, and so much more—that inform our experiences in life.” She asks whites to realize that when people of color talk about systemic racism, “they are opening up all of that pain and fear and anger to you” and are asking that they be heard. After devoting most of the book to talking, Oluo finishes with a chapter on action and its urgency. Action includes pressing for reform in schools, unions, and local governments; boycotting businesses that exploit people of color; contributing money to social justice organizations; and, most of all, voting for candidates who make “diversity, inclusion and racial justice a priority.”

A clear and candid contribution to an essential conversation.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2018

ISBN: 978-1-58005-677-9

Page Count: 256

Publisher: Seal Press

Review Posted Online: Oct. 9, 2017

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Nov. 1, 2017

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