From Indiana to Georgia to Maine, these intelligent model programs should inspire others.

INTEGRATION NATION

IMMIGRANTS, REFUGEES, AND AMERICA AT ITS BEST

Pragmatic approaches to incorporating the enormous waves of immigrants arriving in the United States.

As an outgrowth of her One Nation Indivisible project, Eaton (Director, Sillerman Center for the Advancement of Philanthropy/Brandeis Univ.; The Children in Room E4: American Education on Trial, 2007, etc.) presents in discrete essays an array of compelling and persuasive regional efforts across the country that have risen in response to Arizona’s recent punitive immigration policy and others like it. Immigration has soared in the U.S., especially in the South, and in certain attractive pockets of the country, the local governments have had to come up with more creative, workable approaches to meeting the needs of the new settlers so that they can become full, participating members of the community. In contrast to the former embrace of “assimilation,” whereby immigrants were encouraged to suppress their native cultures and languages in favor of the values and interests of the “receiving community,” the current favored policy of “integration” allows immigrants to celebrate their own cultures side by side with those of receiving communities—so that, in theory, each enriches the other. Effectively, integration is being practiced successfully in schools, such as in Heber City, Utah, a conservative community that has seen its Latino population surge and thereby required a two-way immersion program. Eaton crisscrossed the country to investigate other examples of truly progressive approaches to immigration needs in surprising places—e.g., in Hinds County, Mississippi, where African-American legislators are advocating for the disenfranchised Latino community as a part of their deep-seated sense of civil rights. Some of the examples emerge from faith-minded groups—e.g., the Mormon community of Utah, the Tri-Faith Initiative of Omaha, Nebraska—yet the organizers speak just as forcefully about the economic incentive to help the new immigrants as the moral imperative.

From Indiana to Georgia to Maine, these intelligent model programs should inspire others.

Pub Date: Feb. 2, 2016

ISBN: 978-1-62097-095-9

Page Count: 192

Publisher: The New Press

Review Posted Online: Nov. 3, 2015

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Nov. 15, 2015

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The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the...

NIGHT

Elie Wiesel spent his early years in a small Transylvanian town as one of four children. 

He was the only one of the family to survive what Francois Maurois, in his introduction, calls the "human holocaust" of the persecution of the Jews, which began with the restrictions, the singularization of the yellow star, the enclosure within the ghetto, and went on to the mass deportations to the ovens of Auschwitz and Buchenwald. There are unforgettable and horrifying scenes here in this spare and sombre memoir of this experience of the hanging of a child, of his first farewell with his father who leaves him an inheritance of a knife and a spoon, and of his last goodbye at Buchenwald his father's corpse is already cold let alone the long months of survival under unconscionable conditions. 

The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the sphere of suffering shared, and in this case extended to the death march itself, there is no spiritual or emotional legacy here to offset any reader reluctance.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2006

ISBN: 0374500010

Page Count: 120

Publisher: Hill & Wang

Review Posted Online: Oct. 7, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2006

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Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

GOOD ECONOMICS FOR HARD TIMES

“Quality of life means more than just consumption”: Two MIT economists urge that a smarter, more politically aware economics be brought to bear on social issues.

It’s no secret, write Banerjee and Duflo (co-authors: Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way To Fight Global Poverty, 2011), that “we seem to have fallen on hard times.” Immigration, trade, inequality, and taxation problems present themselves daily, and they seem to be intractable. Economics can be put to use in figuring out these big-issue questions. Data can be adduced, for example, to answer the question of whether immigration tends to suppress wages. The answer: “There is no evidence low-skilled migration to rich countries drives wage and employment down for the natives.” In fact, it opens up opportunities for those natives by freeing them to look for better work. The problem becomes thornier when it comes to the matter of free trade; as the authors observe, “left-behind people live in left-behind places,” which explains why regional poverty descended on Appalachia when so many manufacturing jobs left for China in the age of globalism, leaving behind not just left-behind people but also people ripe for exploitation by nationalist politicians. The authors add, interestingly, that the same thing occurred in parts of Germany, Spain, and Norway that fell victim to the “China shock.” In what they call a “slightly technical aside,” they build a case for addressing trade issues not with trade wars but with consumption taxes: “It makes no sense to ask agricultural workers to lose their jobs just so steelworkers can keep theirs, which is what tariffs accomplish.” Policymakers might want to consider such counsel, especially when it is coupled with the observation that free trade benefits workers in poor countries but punishes workers in rich ones.

Occasionally wonky but overall a good case for how the dismal science can make the world less—well, dismal.

Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-61039-950-0

Page Count: 432

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: Aug. 29, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2019

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