ELECTRONIC HEARTH

THE ACCULTURATION OF TELEVISION IN THE UNITED STATES

Perceptive, subtly nuanced study of how Americans' perceptions of TV have developed over the past five decades. Drawing on magazine and newspaper articles, novels and short stories, advertisements, cartoons, and other material, Tichi (Vanderbilt Univ.) takes a close look at the often maligned, frequently misinterpreted medium, offering far more insights than did Watching America (p. 585), by Linda Lichter, S. Robert Lichter and Stanley Rothman, whose statistical approach yielded little that was revelatory or unpredictable. Tichi investigates such matters as the early antipathy to the electronic medium expressed by print- oriented commentators like Bennett Cerf, the impact of the cold war on public reactions to TV, and the ways in which TV has come to be accepted by younger writers who grew up in the Television Age. She is particularly effective in analyzing how TV was marketed in the late 40's and early 50's, explaining that TV manufacturers emphasized the technology of the new medium when aiming their marketing efforts at male consumers but appealed to women buyers by stressing the decorative or ``furniture'' aspects of the TV set. Tichi explores our attitudes toward leisure and finds ``that leisure is antithetical to the ideology of the United States''- -here, as elsewhere, her thinking is original, her arguments convincing. Fresh and fascinating.

Pub Date: July 1, 1991

ISBN: 0-19-506549-2

Page Count: 272

Publisher: Oxford Univ.

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: June 1, 1991

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The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the...

NIGHT

Elie Wiesel spent his early years in a small Transylvanian town as one of four children. 

He was the only one of the family to survive what Francois Maurois, in his introduction, calls the "human holocaust" of the persecution of the Jews, which began with the restrictions, the singularization of the yellow star, the enclosure within the ghetto, and went on to the mass deportations to the ovens of Auschwitz and Buchenwald. There are unforgettable and horrifying scenes here in this spare and sombre memoir of this experience of the hanging of a child, of his first farewell with his father who leaves him an inheritance of a knife and a spoon, and of his last goodbye at Buchenwald his father's corpse is already cold let alone the long months of survival under unconscionable conditions. 

The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the sphere of suffering shared, and in this case extended to the death march itself, there is no spiritual or emotional legacy here to offset any reader reluctance.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2006

ISBN: 0374500010

Page Count: 120

Publisher: Hill & Wang

Review Posted Online: Oct. 7, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2006

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A PEOPLE'S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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