An admirable institutional history, and more so, a captivating social history, for what makes McLean distinctive, its style...



A history of America’s best-known insane asylum for the carriage trade.

Though McLean Hospital in Massachusetts became more than a local institution with the treatment of Robert Lowell, the publication of Sylvia Plath’s The Bell Jar, and later the musical Taylors, it has a nearly 200-year history of psychiatric service. Because the patients were, from the start, well-heeled, it was able to adopt the atmosphere of a literal asylum—a welcoming harbor to weather mental storms, free of the threatening, let alone barbaric, conditions of many such institutions. The stays were often lengthy, the therapy staff-intensive: Here one would receive the rest cure. Boston Globe columnist Beam (The Americans Are Coming!, 1991, etc.) follows the peregrinations of the institution's therapy programs, given the human-interest angle with a clutch of patient and staff histories, from hypothermia therapy and water treatments, purges and bleeding, opium and hashish, through the electric-light bath, the salt glow, and Neptune’s girdle to lobotomies and bracing administrations of electricity. But the emphasis was always on “moral therapy,” engaging the mind with literature and conversation, and exercising the body with sport and the great outdoors, the great outdoors having been shaped here by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. This was to be a home, not a hospital, a mansion, not a ward. Much has changed in the past few decades, writes Beam, with insurance companies no longer amenable to such comfy psychiatric treatment, especially so at nearly $1,000 a day. McLean is busy selling off many of its assets, including its most renowned, the atmosphere—though, as Beam points out, all that moral therapy yielded a pitiful number of measurable results on the scales of mental health.

An admirable institutional history, and more so, a captivating social history, for what makes McLean distinctive, its style and sensibility, is part and parcel of what Boston, as a cultural instance, represents. (Photographs)

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 2001

ISBN: 1-891620-75-4

Page Count: 288

Publisher: PublicAffairs

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Nov. 15, 2001

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For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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Buffs of the Old West will enjoy Clavin’s careful research and vivid writing.



Rootin’-tootin’ history of the dry-gulchers, horn-swogglers, and outright killers who populated the Wild West’s wildest city in the late 19th century.

The stories of Wyatt Earp and company, the shootout at the O.K. Corral, and Geronimo and the Apache Wars are all well known. Clavin, who has written books on Dodge City and Wild Bill Hickok, delivers a solid narrative that usefully links significant events—making allies of white enemies, for instance, in facing down the Apache threat, rustling from Mexico, and other ethnically charged circumstances. The author is a touch revisionist, in the modern fashion, in noting that the Earps and Clantons weren’t as bloodthirsty as popular culture has made them out to be. For example, Wyatt and Bat Masterson “took the ‘peace’ in peace officer literally and knew that the way to tame the notorious town was not to outkill the bad guys but to intimidate them, sometimes with the help of a gun barrel to the skull.” Indeed, while some of the Clantons and some of the Earps died violently, most—Wyatt, Bat, Doc Holliday—died of cancer and other ailments, if only a few of old age. Clavin complicates the story by reminding readers that the Earps weren’t really the law in Tombstone and sometimes fell on the other side of the line and that the ordinary citizens of Tombstone and other famed Western venues valued order and peace and weren’t particularly keen on gunfighters and their mischief. Still, updating the old notion that the Earp myth is the American Iliad, the author is at his best when he delineates those fraught spasms of violence. “It is never a good sign for law-abiding citizens,” he writes at one high point, “to see Johnny Ringo rush into town, both him and his horse all in a lather.” Indeed not, even if Ringo wound up killing himself and law-abiding Tombstone faded into obscurity when the silver played out.

Buffs of the Old West will enjoy Clavin’s careful research and vivid writing.

Pub Date: April 21, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-250-21458-4

Page Count: 400

Publisher: St. Martin's

Review Posted Online: Jan. 20, 2020

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Feb. 15, 2020

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