It's not surprising, perhaps, that Updike—a dazzling critic as well as an assured, gifted story-writer—proves to be the most satisfying guest-editor of the "Best American Short Stories" series so far. True, as with other celebrity-anthologizers (Joyce Carol Oates, John Gardner, etc.), one can see an idiosyncratic sensibility at work in some of the choices here. But, in Updike's case, personal taste never leads to the inclusion of second-rate, graceless work. Jeanne Schinto's "Caddies' Day" is a fine reflection of Updike's interest in the country-club world; his passion for everyday technical detail can be seen in Stephen Kirk's "Morrison's Reactions" (dentistry) and Lawry Pei's "The Cold Room" (animal-research labs); and an Updike-ian sense of subtle family-situation comes through in mother-oriented stories by Paul Bowles and Rick DeMarinis—while Donald Justice's "The Artificial Moonlight" echoes Updike's nostalgia with its feel for bygone sociability. Even more impressive, however, are the many standout stories here which have no particular link to Updike's particular world or style: Dianne Benedict's grotesque, moving study of a sick couple's impossible leave-taking; Mary Hood's wonderfully voiced account of a depressed southern matron's last days; good-ol'-boys comedy from Madison Smartt Bell, the dense eloquence of Lee K. Abbott (like boiled-down Walker Percy), a Botswana story from Norma Rush—plus first-class work by James Salter (the knowing, sneakily graceful "Foreign Shores"), Andre Dubus (the passionately Catholic "A Father's Story"), and Mavis Gallant (the distinguished, faultless "Lena"). And, like this year's O. Henry story-collection, Updike's shrewd, professional gathering is topped by a classic that's sure to appear in anthologies for decades to come: Cynthia Ozick's scouring projection of the path of Jewish history toward Miami Beach—"Rosa.

Pub Date: Oct. 15, 1984

ISBN: 0395354137

Page Count: 330

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin

Review Posted Online: Oct. 6, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 1984

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A first novel, this is also a first person account of Scout's (Jean Louise) recall of the years that led to the ending of a mystery, the breaking of her brother Jem's elbow, the death of her father's enemy — and the close of childhood years. A widower, Atticus raises his children with legal dispassion and paternal intelligence, and is ably abetted by Calpurnia, the colored cook, while the Alabama town of Maycomb, in the 1930's, remains aloof to their divergence from its tribal patterns. Scout and Jem, with their summer-time companion, Dill, find their paths free from interference — but not from dangers; their curiosity about the imprisoned Boo, whose miserable past is incorporated in their play, results in a tentative friendliness; their fears of Atticus' lack of distinction is dissipated when he shoots a mad dog; his defense of a Negro accused of raping a white girl, Mayella Ewell, is followed with avid interest and turns the rabble whites against him. Scout is the means of averting an attack on Atticus but when he loses the case it is Boo who saves Jem and Scout by killing Mayella's father when he attempts to murder them. The shadows of a beginning for black-white understanding, the persistent fight that Scout carries on against school, Jem's emergence into adulthood, Calpurnia's quiet power, and all the incidents touching on the children's "growing outward" have an attractive starchiness that keeps this southern picture pert and provocative. There is much advance interest in this book; it has been selected by the Literary Guild and Reader's Digest; it should win many friends.

Pub Date: July 11, 1960

ISBN: 0060935464

Page Count: 323

Publisher: Lippincott

Review Posted Online: Oct. 7, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: July 1, 1960

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The phrase “tour de force” could have been invented for this audacious novel.

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Four men who meet as college roommates move to New York and spend the next three decades gaining renown in their professions—as an architect, painter, actor and lawyer—and struggling with demons in their intertwined personal lives.

Yanagihara (The People in the Trees, 2013) takes the still-bold leap of writing about characters who don’t share her background; in addition to being male, JB is African-American, Malcolm has a black father and white mother, Willem is white, and “Jude’s race was undetermined”—deserted at birth, he was raised in a monastery and had an unspeakably traumatic childhood that’s revealed slowly over the course of the book. Two of them are gay, one straight and one bisexual. There isn’t a single significant female character, and for a long novel, there isn’t much plot. There aren’t even many markers of what’s happening in the outside world; Jude moves to a loft in SoHo as a young man, but we don’t see the neighborhood change from gritty artists’ enclave to glitzy tourist destination. What we get instead is an intensely interior look at the friends’ psyches and relationships, and it’s utterly enthralling. The four men think about work and creativity and success and failure; they cook for each other, compete with each other and jostle for each other’s affection. JB bases his entire artistic career on painting portraits of his friends, while Malcolm takes care of them by designing their apartments and houses. When Jude, as an adult, is adopted by his favorite Harvard law professor, his friends join him for Thanksgiving in Cambridge every year. And when Willem becomes a movie star, they all bask in his glow. Eventually, the tone darkens and the story narrows to focus on Jude as the pain of his past cuts deep into his carefully constructed life.  

The phrase “tour de force” could have been invented for this audacious novel.

Pub Date: March 10, 2015

ISBN: 978-0-385-53925-8

Page Count: 720

Publisher: Doubleday

Review Posted Online: Dec. 22, 2014

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 2015

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